Pregnancy and Medication | - Blog Hanz -
Breaking News

Pregnancy and Medication


There have been instances of women, fearful of fetal deformities, who sought curettage or abortion because they took cold medicine early in their pregnancy. Because so many drugs can be taken without consulting a doctor-anti-emetics (control nausea and vomiting), antacids, antihistamines, analgesics, antibacterial agents, anti-hypertension drugs, diuretics, and even neuropsychiatric drugs-it is not uncommon for women to unwittingly take medications early in a pregnancy. Luckily, most medicines do not affect babies seriously. Pregnancy can be divided into the ovular stage (from fertilization to implantation), the embryonal stage (2nd week to 8th week), and the fetal period (7th week to term). Of these stages, the embryonal stage is considered to be the most sensitive and dangerous because this is when organogenesis (organ formation) takes place. Only a few drugs are known to cause fetal deformation, and usually these drugs do not cause fetal deformities when administered during the embryonal stage or other periods.

. Medicine Use Effect on fetus
Medicines that should not be used Cloroquine Malaria Ocular abnormalities
. Heroin Drug abuse Hypoventilation and withdrawal symptoms after delivery
. Live vaccine (measles, rubella, etc.) Immunity Possible deformation from viral infection
. Smoking (nicotine) Epilepsy Hinders fetal development, affects intelligence
. Alcohol . Fetal deformation, retardation, ateliosis
. Trimethadione Epilepsy Fetal deformation, retardation, developmental disturbance
. Anticancer drugs . Fetal deformation
. Valproic acid Epilepsy Nervous system abnormalities (spondylolysis)
Medicines that can be used for basic treatment Anticoagulant drugs Venous blood disease Separation of the placenta, fetal bleeding
. Antithyroid drugs Thyrotoxicosis Goiter, struma
. Barbiturate Epilepsy, to calm Withdrawal symptoms after delivery (rare)
. corticosteroid Diverse purposes Cleft palate (not proven)
. Insulin Diabetes Glycopenia
. Progesterone derivatives Imminent abortion Possibility of girls changing to boys (rare)
. Laxatives Diarrhea treatment Possible premature birth
Medicines to avoid Streptomycin Bacterial infection Deafness

Medication known to cause deformation

ACE inhibitor: ingredient of high blood pressure medication
Alcohol: well known
Androgen: A male hormone; women rarely take it, but it is sometimes used, like Danazol, to treat endometriosis, and breast cancer, and to prevent mastodynia.
Carbamazepine: used to treat epilepsy and neuropsychiatric disorders
Coumarin: an anticoagulant
Cyclophosphamide: an anticancer drug
Danazol: contains androgen
Diethylstilbesterol: a female hormone used in the past, but no longer used because it causes fatal deformations and cancer
Etretinate: a synthetic vitamin A used to treat acne
Isotretinate: acne treatment
Lithium: neuropsychiatric drug used to treat manic-depression
Methimazole: used to improve thyroid gland function
Methtrexate: an anticancer drug
Phenytoin: neurological and neuropsychiatric drug
Tetracycline: A type of antibiotic, when taken during pregnancy, causes coloration of the baby's teeth.
Trimethadione: epilepsy medicine
Valproic acid: epilepsy medication
Also, Aminopterine, Chlorbiphenyls



No comments:

Post a Comment


Powered by Blogger.